About Gulf Building
The JPMorgan Chase Building, formerly the Gulf Building, is in Downtown Houston, Texas, United States. It is one of the preeminent Art Deco skyscrapers in the southern United States. Completed in 1929 it remained the tallest building in Houston until 1963, when the Exxon Building surpassed it in height. The building has the Houston headquarters of JPMorgan Chase Bank, and it was formerly the headquarters of Texas Commerce Bank. Jesse H. Jones arranged to have the Gulf Building constructed; it was built in 1929. Designed by architects Alfred C. Finn, Kenneth Franzheim, and J. E. R. Carpenter the building is seen as a realization of Eliel Saarinen's losing but acclaimed entry to the Chicago Tribune Tower competition. The Texas Commerce Bank started restoration of the building in 1989 in what is still considered one of the largest privately funded preservation projects in American history. They recently carried on restoration efforts, restoring the terrazzo floor in the building's Banking Hall but keeping the hollows worn into the marble border where generations of customers stood to conduct their banking business.